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Leather & Fabric Care

Though leather furniture is harder to stain than fabric upholstery, spills on leather and fabric should still be dealt with as soon as possible to prevent discoloration. First, any excess spillage should be carefully removed before it does further damage. A dry, soft cloth can be used to blot the area. Often, spills can be removed before they stain the leather, without the need for additional cleaning products. A damp cloth can be used on some spills if dry blotting is not enough, but applying water to a grease stain could make matters worse. Greasy or oily stains may need professional attention, so owners are cautioned against spilling food on leather furniture.

General Guidelines

  • Do not place your new furniture near to direct heat or air conditioning.

  • Do not sit on the arms of a sofa or chair as it will damage the frame. Also try to avoid sitting on the edge of cushions.

  • Beware of scissors, keys and other sharp objects that could tear or cut upholstery or scratch leather.

  • Be careful of felt tip pens, highlighters, glue sticks and normal pens without caps. Ink is a stain that can only be removed by specialist cleaning.

  • Try not to leave newspapers lying on your suite as newsprint ink is not fixed and can stain.

  • Beware of the damage that can be caused by pets, such as scratching and chewing.

Dust and Vacuum Leather & fabric Furniture

Regularly dusting your furniture is one of the easiest things people can do to keep it looking sharp. Large furniture dusters make it easy to clean even hard to reach spots. Dusting will help the leather & fabric look vibrant rather than dingy, and it will prevent dirt from being worked into the creases. A vacuum cleaner is another useful tool for maintaining your furniture because it can reach crumbs and other debris hidden in tiny crevices. Homeowners should consider vacuuming their furniture just as often as they vacuum the floors.

Leather like any other natural material can fade when exposed to direct sunlight over a long period of time. Full grain aniline/semi aniline leathers are particularly sun sensitive. Therefore to minimize fading, avoid placing your furniture in direct sunlight.

Useful tip: Use blinds or curtains to protect your leather furniture during direct sunlight hours.

Our Leathers

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This full grain aniline cow hide is designed to retain all the individual characteristics of the highest quality leathers.

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A European favorite, A Full grain aniline cowhide which is soft to the touch and designed to age beautifully with every sit.

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This Semi Corrected leather is emphasized by our expert hand finishers to give that soft touch and feel.

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This full grain aniline cow hide is delicately treated with nourishing oils for a soft waxed feel.

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This full grain aniline cow hide is delicately treated with nourishing oils for a soft waxed feel.

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Ayala is a full grain aniline leather with a waxed finish to give it that oily waxed soft touch.A leather that will get better and better the older it gets.

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Penny Lane

A full grain Aniline cowhide. Naturally enhanced by expert finishing techniques. Crackle finishes add personality to the soft smooth base for a relaxed lived in look.

Leather is the tanned skin or hide of any animal and is often termed a 'natural' product Leathers often bears the scars and imperfections that the animal accumulated during its life and this is what makes every hide unique and tells the story of the animals' life. In its natural environment animals may get bitten by insects, parasites, ticks, and lice or become caught on barbed wire, rub against thorn bushes, or get in fights with other animals, all of which will result in scarring or marks on the hide.

Natural markings such as these are what give the leather its unique characteristic and are not defects or faults unless they affect the performance of the leather in any way.

Natural markings on a hide should not affect the strength and durability of the leather When the hide or skin has passed through the tanning process and has been turned into leather these natural markings will still be visible on the surface. At this stage you can find some or all of the following natural markings visible on the surface (Top Grain) of the leather:

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Curry Comb marks on leather

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Brand mark on leather

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Insect bites on leather

Cows are often bitten by insects, parasites, ticks, and lice all of which result in markings on the hide.

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Fat wrinkles on leather

These are the natural 'stretch marks' in leather. Wrinkles occur naturally in the loose skin around the neck and belly of cows

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Scratch marks on leather

These can occur from barbed wire or fighting with other animals

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Healed scars on leather

As long as the scar is healed these will be strong and resistant to wear and tear

Full Grain Leather

Full Grain Leather is a term used for leather that has had nothing removed from the grain surface The natural markings are all still visible so only hides that have minimal natural markings are used for this type of leather as many consumers find the natural markings unacceptable.

Full Grain Leather can be aniline dyed only or can be lightly pigmented or finished.

Full Grain Leather is generally accepted to be the best quality leather but due to the rarity of such hides it is generally more expensive and therefore carries a premium price tag.

Types of Full Grain Leather

Aniline (A)


Pull Up styles (wax or oil finished) (A)

Corrected Grain Leather

Leather that has a lot of markings on the surface needs to be 'corrected' to hide these imperfections.

Most of the leather used for furniture upholstery in the home and for car interior upholstery is what is known as Pigment Coated Leather (P) This may also be known as Protected or Finished Leather.

Corrected grain leather is when the leathers surface has been 'corrected' to remove the above natural markings. This is done when the leather has lots of marks that mean it cannot be used as a Full Grain Leather

The 'correcting' process involved in removing these marks can vary depending on the depth of the marks.


A light buffing process is used when the markings are not too deep or severe. The leather is buffed in a large sanding machine which acts like sandpaper would and reduces the damage so that the leather feels smooth and the damage can no longer be felt.

The leather is then coated with a pigment (paint) and a finish which covers over any remaining markings, some marks such as brand marks and healed scars may still be slightly visible after this process.

Filling and Coating

If the marks are deep the leather may need to be filled before the pigment coat is added. This flexible filler is called stucco and fills in deeper areas before sanding to smooth out the leather.

A pigment coating and finish is then applied to the surface as before

When the surface of the leather has been buffed to correct the surface, the leather will lose its natural grain so an artificial grain is then printed into the surface finish of the leather.

Corrected grain leather falls under the category of Pigment Coated Leather (P)